The majestic Merapi volcano is among the many most lively in Indonesia and is taken into account some of the formidable on this planet. The mountain is positioned within the southern a part of Java, about 85 km from the massive metropolis of Semarang and solely 28 km from town of Yogyakarta. Translated from the Indonesian “merapi” means “mountain of fireside”, and I need to say that the volcano absolutely justifies its title: since 1548, on common, as soon as each 7 years, highly effective eruptions have been noticed on it, and twice a yr – small ones.
Merapi is the youngest within the complicated of volcanoes within the south of Java. It rises within the subduction zone of the Indo-Australian Plate underneath the Sunda Plate and, in response to stratigraphic evaluation, first started to erupt about 40 thousand years in the past. The primary 30 thousand years of its eruption have been accompanied by the outpouring of basaltic lava, and for the final 10 thousand years it started to be explosive with pyroclastic flows and viscous andesitic lava forming a lava dome.
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