Calotropis is primarily harvested owing to its distinctive medicinal properties. It’s generally known as ark, swallow-wart or milkweed. It’s incessantly present in Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Indian subcontinent as wasteland weed. Calotropis belongs to the Ark or Asclepiadaceae household and is generally unfold throughout within the tropics and sub-tropics and infrequently within the chilly areas of the world. The ark plant with white flowers is a superior selection and is known as Calotropis procera while the one with lavender coloration flowers is known as Calotropis gigantea. Its milky latex is wealthy in lupeol, calotropin, calatoxin and uscharin.
The plant is poisonous and is among the few vegetation not consumed by the grazing animals. As a result of its toxicity the latex extracted from the stem was historically used to make poison arrows. The extracts from totally different elements of the ark plant are of a lot therapeutic worth. The entire plant when dried and consumed is an effective tonic, antihelmintic and an expectorant. The roots apart from being endowed with related qualities serves as an efficient laxative. Historically the dried root is powdered and successfully used to remedy bronchitis, bronchial asthma, leprosy, eczema and elephantiasis. The ark latex is processed and finds use in treating vertigo, baldness, hair fall, tooth aches, intermittent fevers, rheumatoid /joint swellings and paralysis. Leaves of ark are heated in oil and are of a lot medicinal worth in treating joint ache and in scale back its swelling. Moreover Ayurveda, Homeopathy additionally makes use of Calotropis as drugs. The pungent latex extracted from the leaves and flowers of Calotropis procera is processed and used within the industrial preparation of eye tonics. The alcoholic extracts of the vegetation have identified to induce spermicidal and anti-microbial properties as nicely. Research on the ovariectomized feminine rats with the alcoholic extract of Calotropis procera is understood to simulate the estrogenic exercise within the reproductive observe. This was evident from the elevated protein content material and elevated uterine weight of the goal animal underneath examine. As well as there was alteration within the biochemical setting of the observe which most likely results in antifertility.
The internal bark of Calotropis is used to make sturdy fibers referred to as madar and is used to make weave carpets, ropes, stitching thread and fishing nets.
Nonetheless the uncomfortable side effects of its consumption it’s reported to have brought about blisters, lesions and eruptions when consumed by sufferers on therapy of joint pains and gastrointestinal illnesses. The preparations of Calotropis procera is for use underneath the cautious surveillance of a succesful medical practitioner. Calotropis is a house to many bugs.