Not many who reside within the larger cities of the nation know that Chennai was the primary fashionable metropolis within the historical past of India. It has an exquisite historical past, is robust in its tradition and traditions, may be very hospitable and gives heat to all those that search shelter in one of the vital peaceable cities within the nation. Chennai had at all times attracted fabric retailers, spice merchants and seafarers for hundreds of years earlier than the British got here to its shores.
As A Buying and selling Port
Its wealthy historical past dates again to about 2000 years in the past when the area had established commerce contacts with Babylonian, Roman, Phoenician, Greek and Chinese language merchants. It wasn’t a lot later after the British merchants had set their toes into the area that Chennai, then Madrasapattinam was christened because the thirty sixth metropolitan metropolis on the planet, because of the colonization of the British and unimaginable developments through the sixteenth century. Madras because it was referred to as by the British was the primary British settlement within the nation.
Rulers of Chennai
Initially as a bunch of villages in South India, it was lined with paddy fields and palm bushes. Town was dominated by among the standard dynasties in South India just like the Pallavas, Cholas, Pandiyas and the Vijayanagar Kingdom. The favored temples such because the Parthasarathy Temple, Kabaleeshwarar Temple and the Pallava Port are proof that the town existed as early because the seventh century within the area. Mockingly it was the Portuguese who first landed on the shores of Chennai and arrange the Sao Tome named after the Christian Apostle St.Thomas in reminiscence of whom St.Thomas Church nonetheless lies within the shores off the seashore within the metropolis.
It was not till after the British landed in Madrasapattinam, a fishing village within the Coromandel Coast, within the sixteenth century and constructed the East India Firm and therefore it was christened as Madras. A bit of settlement and the British commerce heart was established right here which later got here to be often called Fort St.George. George City because it grew to become popularly identified included over crowded streets the place companies that served the British flourished and have become a well-liked buying spot for folks to purchase their wares.
The settlement was invaded by the French for a quick whereas earlier than the British reclaimed it once more. Madras served because the main city location and naval base for the British from the place they conquered the neighboring areas in South India. With the railways establishing within the late nineteenth century, Madras was linked with all the foremost cities and locations within the nation. All the state of Tamil Nadu was referred to as as Madras State proper after the independence however then it was renamed as Tamil Nadu 22 years later.
Madras was the primary venue when the Tamil Protest in opposition to Hindi happened for 3 years from 1965 to 1967. Madras additionally has been the middle level of political hostility because of the racial conflicts in Sri Lanka and highly effective measures had been taken on account of the identical. Madras was renamed as Chennai within the yr 1996 after its unique identify Chennapatna which was the identify of the unique Indian settlement within the area. To at the present time Chennai stays a major gateway in South India.
Identified popularly for its wealthy tradition and custom, there are many locations in Chennai which have each historic and world significance. The Marina Seashore which is a serious landmark within the metropolis of Chennai is the 2nd longest seashore on the planet. The marine drive alongside the seashore is likely one of the finest on the planet. Marina just isn’t the one seashore although, there may be the Covelong Seashore and the Elliot’s Seashore which too are important landmarks on the Coromandel Coast. The Santhome Church named after St.Thomas stands tall on the shore of the Marina and is a definite landmark. The Fort St.George that’s situated on the banks of the Bay of Bengal is a navy structure marvel and in the mean time is the seat of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Council Chambers.
· Chennai is popularly often called the Detroit of India because it has a really sturdy vehicle business that manufactures about 40% of the auto components for motor autos in India.
· The Vandalur Zoo was initially arrange in 1855, and is the primary public zoo in India and nonetheless is the most important one within the nation.
· The Anna Centenary Library that sits within the coronary heart of the town is the most important in Asia.
· The Most cancers Institute of Chennai was established within the yr 1920 and is the oldest most cancers hospital in India.
· The M A Chidambaram Stadium was constructed within the yr 1916 and is likely one of the oldest cricket stadiums in India.
· The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CBMT) at Koyambedu is the most important bus terminal in all of Asia.