to disclaim individuals their human rights is to problem their very humanity
Nelson Mandela as soon as stated, “to disclaim individuals their human rights is to problem their very humanity”. That is what is occurring within the Illegally Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIO&JK) for the final 74 years.
The Jammu and Kashmir dispute between Pakistan and India has been on the agenda of the UN Safety Council since 1948. It stays an internationally acknowledged dispute, as affirmed by the related Safety Council resolutions. Regardless of the solemn commitments made by the Authorities of India in quite a few official communications to the Safety Council, to Pakistan, to different states, and to the individuals of Jammu and Kashmir to abide by and implement the UN Safety Council’s resolutions on Jammu and Kashmir, India has reneged on these commitments over time.
The Indian illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJ&Ok) has a protracted and tragic historical past of large human rights abuses by Indian occupying forces, who for seven a long time have been committing atrocities with full impunity. At the moment, the IIOJ&Ok is probably the most militarized a part of the world, the place near one million safety forces have been deployed to curb the official battle of the Kashmiris for his or her inalienable proper to self-determination.
A brand new chapter within the repression of Kashmiris on the hand of Indian authorities was opened on fifth August 2019, when India’s BJP authorities stripped Kashmiris of the particular autonomy, that they had for seven a long time by repealing Articles 370 and 35 A of its structure, to alter illegally and unilaterally the standing of IIOJ&Ok and additional pave the best way for demographic modifications within the valley with an purpose to show the indigenous Muslim inhabitants in to a minority.
What has adopted is the worst human rights scenario within the historical past of Jammu and Kashmir dispute with two years of uninterrupted and brutal army siege and crackdown. The deployment of further 180,000 paramilitary troops, has turned the territory in to world’s largest open-air jail. This was accompanied by an enormous safety clampdown within the occupied territory, media blockade, extrajudicial killing, faux encounters, restrictions on basic freedoms, communication blackout together with shutdown of web and phone providers, an excruciating curfew. By way of its unlawful and unilateral actions of August 2019 and illegitimate domicile legal guidelines, India has been appearing in direct contravention of the related UN Safety Council resolutions and worldwide regulation together with the 4th Geneva conference.
Since August 2019, there was no letup within the worsening humanitarian scenario in IIOJ&Ok. Two years into siege, a whole lot of political leaders, together with pro-Indian political figures stay detained, hundreds of younger males and kids, political activists, human rights defenders, journalists, and legal professionals have been denied the fitting to supply Friday and Eid prayers, in utter violations of their basic rights.
Regardless of calls to ease up the restrictions, the India authorities additionally callously exploited the Covid-19 disaster to additional advance its illegal occupation. The corona virus has exacerbated the struggling of the Kashmiris condemning them to the precipice of an enormous human tragedy. The extended siege in IIOJ&Ok has already depleted important medical provides in hospitals. Now with the coronavirus spreading quickly, the hospitals are fully incapable of assembly the general public well being disaster.
Put up August 5, 2019, the UN Secretary Common Antonio Guterres has expressed issues over stories of restrictions on the Indian aspect of Kashmir, which might exacerbate the human rights scenario within the area. The Group of Islamic International locations (OIC) and the Unbiased Everlasting Human Rights Fee (IPHRC) termed IIOJK as world’s largest jail.
One of the crucial vital pronouncements on India’s systematic and widespread violations of human rights in Kashmir got here from United Nations Excessive Commissioner for Human Rights who revealed two complete stories in 2018 and 2019 on the despicable state of human rights in Kashmir repeatedly calling for institution of a Fee of Enquiry to research gross systematic violations of the rights of individuals of Jammu and Kashmir. The Particular Mandate Holders and Rapporteurs of the Human Rights Council have additionally incessantly urged India to ease restrictions in Kashmir and maintain the perpetrators of those heinous crimes accountable.
In February 2021, two UN human rights specialists Fernand de Varennes, Particular Rapporteur on minority points, and Ahmed Shaheed, Particular Rapporteur on freedom of faith or perception, after concluding a two-day go to of the occupied valley, voiced their concern over India’s determination to revoke occupied Kashmir’s autonomy and enact legal guidelines that would curtail the political participation of Muslims and different minorities. They famous that that on August 5, 2019, India “unilaterally and with out session” revoked the constitutional particular standing of the area and handed the so-called domicile guidelines in Could 2020 which eliminated protections given to these from the occupied territory. They additional identified that the legislative modifications might need the potential to pave the best way for individuals from exterior Jammu and Kashmir to settle within the area, alter the demographics of the area and undermine the locals’ means to successfully train their human rights.
On 30 July 2021, 16 European parliamentarians wrote a letter to the European Fee on the “humanitarian scenario” in Indian-occupied Kashmir, urging the European Union to boost its voice on the problem and take motion. Addressed to European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen and Vice President Josep Borrell, the letter stated: “As a champion of common human rights, basic freedoms and the rule-based worldwide order, the EU should elevate its voice in opposition to the violations of human rights affecting the individuals of Jammu and Kashmir. “We consider that the EU ought to use all its leverage and instruments to cooperate with our Indian and Pakistani companions to honour the pledge made to the Kashmiris by the worldwide group and create an surroundings conducive to the implementation of the United Nations resolutions.” The lawmakers expressed the resolve to proceed their engagements with Pakistani and Indian lawmakers in addition to Kashmiri leaders “to impress upon them the pressing have to foster a local weather of peace and dialogue within the area”. The letter famous that it was “extraordinarily essential” for Kashmiris to be heard and granted the chance to resolve their very own future.
The lawmakers known as on von der Leyen and Borrell to hold out the next actions on EU’s behalf:
• Convey the “grave concern” over the violations of human rights and basic freedoms in IoK to the Indian authorities
• Take pressing motion to deal with the “alarming” human rights scenario within the area
• Contribute to peace and stability within the area by enhancing dialogue between India, Pakistan, and Kashmiri representatives by way of making use of “our particular relationships with each India and Pakistan”.
Pakistan has welcomed the letter by members of the European Parliament addressed to the president and vice chairman of the European Fee. Pakistan’s International Workplace Spokesperson Zahid Hafeez Chaudhry has stated that the letter was “one other demonstration of the persevering with international censure of the continued human rights violations and humanitarian disaster in Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir”. He stated though India repeatedly peddled false propaganda in futile makes an attempt to push the sham narrative of so-called normalcy in occupied Kashmir, the worldwide censure and condemnation of the Indian atrocities within the valley continued. He additional acknowledged that India should understand that it can not ignore the worldwide group’s persevering with calls to finish its grave and systematic human rights violations in Occupied Kashmir.
The worldwide group, human rights organizations, media, and civil society have been vocal of their condemnation of India’s unconcealed absolutism. Parliamentarians of main world powers have written to their management and moved resolutions, condemning India’s actions. Main world leaders have stood by the Kashmiris. The United Nations Safety Council has mentioned the problem of Jammu Kashmir 3 times through the previous two years after a spot of greater than 55 years.
The above however, the worldwide group should do extra and again its phrases with concrete actions for the harmless Kashmiri individuals who have been subjected to arbitrary arrests, detentions, torture, corporal punishment, extrajudicial killings, digital lock down and finish its siege in Indian illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir persevering with for over 24 months for a big a part of the worldwide inhabitants to proceed to place confidence in worldwide justice. It’s crucial that India is held accountable for his actions since fifth August 2019. The world group should press India to revoke all draconian legal guidelines, enable impartial observers, worldwide human rights and humanitarian organizations and the worldwide media to go to the occupier territory to determine the circumstances of Kashmiri individuals and let the Kashmiris train their proper to self-determination in accordance with the UNSC resolutions. Pakistan will proceed its unstinted help for the Kashmiri individuals till the achievement of their official proper to self-determination in accordance with the UNSC decision and as per the desires of the Kashmiri individuals.
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*Muhammad Hassan is Ambassador of Pakistan to Indonesia