The product, referred to as Bioavtur J2.4, was developed by the Pertamina Worldwide Refinery in Cilacap, Central Java.
“By means of a complete improvement stage, Bioavtur J2.4 has confirmed to ship efficiency equal to that of fossil-based aviation turbine (avtur) gas,” Pertamina Subholding Refining & Petrochemical Company Secretary Ifki Sukarya famous in a press release on Wednesday.
Since 2014, Pertamina has pioneered analysis and improvement of bioavtur by means of the Dumai refinery and Cilacap refinery.
Presently, bioavtur’s efficiency is perfect with a distinction of solely 0.2-0.6 % from that of fossil avtur gas.
The Bioavtur J2.4 product made by Pertamina incorporates 2.4 % of biofuel produced from palm kernel oil by means of a catalyst know-how.
The corporate’s improvement of plane biofuels encompasses duo essential levels.
The primary stage is marked by the hydrodecarboxylation course of, with the preliminary goal being to provide biohydrocarbon diesel and bioavtur on a laboratory scale.
The second stage is marked by the hydrodeoxygenation course of within the type of a extra environment friendly biohydrocarbon diesel.
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In 2020, the Dumai refinery succeeded in producing bio-hydrocarbon diesel — Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) — that’s absolutely derived from vegetable uncooked supplies.
RBDPO is palm oil that has undergone a refining course of to take away free fatty acids and for purification to take away shade and odor.
This preliminary stage is a vital step within the improvement of inexperienced merchandise, together with inexperienced diesel and bioavtur.
Sukarya conveyed that the bioavtur produced by the Cilacap Refinery was made out of palm kernel oil and fossil-based avtur gas.
Presently, the manufacturing capability of bioavtur on the Cilacap Refinery reaches eight thousand barrels per day. Pertamina is dedicated to persevering with to spice up bioavtur manufacturing by taking a look at market necessities, beginning in 2023.
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“The event of Pertamina’s J2.4 Bioavtur is in keeping with the clear vitality roadmap of the Ministry of Vitality and Mineral Sources concerning biofuel mixture of as much as 5 % by 2025, together with for air transportation,” he remarked.
The J2.4 Bioavtur product will go a nine-day testing interval utilizing the CN-235-220 plane belonging to PT Dirgantara Indonesia.
The plane for the check took off and landed on the Husein Sastranegara Airport, Bandung, West Java. Throughout the flight check interval, the plane will refuel with J2.4 bioavtur on the Soekarno-Hatta Airport, Tangerang, Banten.
Earlier, this bioavtur product was examined twice by the static check cell facility owned by PT. Garuda Upkeep Facility (GMF) AeroAsia utilizing Jet A1 avtur gas and bioavtur (J2.0 and J2.4) within the CFM56-3 engine on December 23-24, 2020, and Could 24-25, 2021.
The check outcomes indicated that the engine efficiency utilizing bioavtur (J2.0 and J2.4) supplies the identical correlation as utilizing Jet A1.
Based mostly on the success of the statistical check, the following step is to conduct a flight check to make sure that the technical and security elements pertaining to the usage of bioavtur will be utilized correctly.
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